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Fusarium sp.



ALLERGENICITY

Allergenic (231,252,254,282,341,735-739)

MYCOTOXINS PRODUCED

Acetoxyscirpenol (750), Acetoxyscirpentriol (750), Acetyldeoxynivalenol (750,753-755,758,759), 3-Acetyl-neosolaniol (751),15-Acetyl-nivalenol (757), 3-Acetyl-HT-2 toxin(751), Acetyl-T-2-tetraol (752), Acetyl-T-2 toxin (750,751), Acuminatopyrone (747), Antibiotic Y (3,740), Apotrichothecenes (756), Beauvericin (3,741-744,764), Butenolide (3,745,746), Calonectrin (753,754), Chlamydospordiol (347,748), Chlamydosporol (3,747-749), Culmorin (3,755,756), Deacylcalonectrin (753), Deoxyfusapyrone (765,766), Deoxynivalenol(Vomitoxin) (746,750,754-756,758,759,769), Diacetyl-nivalenol (757), Diacetoxyscirpenol (745,752,757,769,771), Diacetyldeoxynivalenol (754,758), Dihydroxycalonectrin (754,759), Diplodiatoxin (771), Enniatins B&A (742,760-762), Epiapotrichothecenes (756), Equistein (3), Fumonisins B (3, 755,743,763,772), Fusaproliferin (3,741,743,764), Fusapyrone (3,765,766), Fusarenon X (745,750,756,757), Fusaric acid (3,767,768), Fusarin C (3,769,770), Fusarochromanon (3,757), HT-2 toxin (750-752,769,772), Hydroxy-culmorins (755,759), Hydroxyisotrichodermins (753), Ipomeanin (771), Ipomeanol (771), Isochlamydosporol (747,748), Iso-neosolaniol (750,772), Isotrichodermin (754), Isotrichodermol (756), JM47-cyclic tetrapeptide (761), Moniliformin (3,755,743,764), Monoacetoxyscirpenol (772), Nectriafurone (3), Neosolaniol (750-752), Nivalenol (750,756,757), Sambucinol (756), Scirpentriol (750,757), Trichothecenes A&B (3,754,760), T-2 toxin (742,750-752,769,772), T-2 triol (750,752), T-2 tetraol (750,752), Visoltricin (747) Zearalenone (F-2 toxin) (3,746,756,758). 

PATHOGENICITY IN HUMANS 

Causes eye (1,2,120,121,161,621,622,790), (sub)cutaneous (1,2,773-780,782,790,796), nail (377,378-381,578,774,790,907), pulmonary(297,781,782), heart infections (1,783-786), mycetomas (1,465,775,786-789,919), arthritis (1,790,791), peritonitis (1,792-798), cerebral (799,800), disseminated or systemic opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients (1,2,331,774,784,790,796,801-805).

IDENTIFICATION CHARACTERISTICS on POTATO DEXTROSE AGAR (PDA)

Colonies expanding, often coloured in pink, yellow, red or purple shades. Conidia often three kinds: macroconidia, microconidia and blastoconidia. (1)

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