Bipolaris sp.

ALLERGENICITY

Allergenic (77,280,281,282,283,284,285,286)

MYCOTOXINS PRODUCED

Bipoaroxin (287), Dihydrobipolaroxin (287), BMT-toxin (288), Cytochalasins A&B (27), Pathotoxin (288), Siccanol (64), Sterigmatocystin (237)

PATHOGENICITY IN HUMANS 

Causing allergic and phaeohyphomycotic sinusitis( 1,2,283,285,286,290,291,292,720), sub-cutaneous infections (293,294), endocarditis (1,2,295), osteomyelitis (1,2), peritonitis (1,2,296,798), pulmonary (1,2,281,284,297), cerebral disease, meningoencephalitis (1,2,298,299), eye disease (1,2,300,301,302,303,304,305), disseminated fungal infection in immunocompromised hosts (306,307,308,309,310).

IDENTIFICATION CHARACTERISTICS on POTATO DEXTROSE AGAR (PDA)

Initially white, soon gray to black with dark reverse. Black conidia in sympodial order, straight or curved, germinating at polar cells. (1,2) vs: Drechslera

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