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Alternaria sp.


ALLERGENICITY

Allergenic (18-23,69,73,77,127,201,231,254,274,282,341,735)

MYCOTOXINS PRODUCED

Alternariol (3,24,25), Alternariol monomethylether (3,24,25), L- tenuazonic acid (3,25), Altertoxins I, II, III (3,25), Altenuene (25), Brefeldin A (26), Cytochalasins A&B (27), Destruxin B (28), Desmethyldestruxin B (28), Homodestruxin B (28), Zinniol (29)

PATHOGENICITY IN HUMANS

Sinonasal infections (1,2,391), subcutaneous, cutaneous lesions (1,2, 392-394), nail infections (1,2,378,380); eye infections (122,161), pulmonary disease (1,297,392,393), the majority of infections reported from immunocompromised hosts (1,2).

IDENTIFICATION CHARACTERISTICS on POTATO DEXTROSE AGAR (PDA)

Gold-brown, gray to olivaceous, conidia with a long tail in a form of chain, with or without an apical beak (1,2).

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