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Muscle Shoals

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Muscle Shoals is the formal name for "Site A", which was used as a development facility for United States nerve agent production. Built by the Vitro Corporation, Muscle Shoals was located on 45 acres of land in Northwest Alabama. It began operations in June of 1952 and contained a series of chemical plants that would end up with industrial-scale production of Sarin.


Current Events

December 6, 2006
China has reaffirmed its commitment and urged other countries to destory all chemical stockpiles by 2012. See full article from BBC.

November 21, 2006
The United States has pushed bck the date for complete destruction of its chemical weapons stockpile until 2023, 11 years after the deadline that was previously set. See the full USA Today article.

September 8, 2006
Russia has opened another plant to hasten destruction of its immense stockpile of chemical weapons. The plant, Russia's third destruction facility, is charged with destroying 17% of the country's stockpile and will focus its efforts on neutralizing nerve agents stored in bombs and warheads. See the full text from the Associated Press Worldstream.

July 7, 2006
The United States has requested an extension to the Chemical Weapons Convention's deadline to destroy its stockpile by 2012. Analysts estimate the US will not be able to destroy its stockpiles until around 2020. See full article from State Department Documents and Publication.


Pollan, Michael. "What's Eating America?. Smithsonian 37, 2006.

Tucker, Johnathon B. War of Nerves: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda. Pantheon Books, 2006.

Hutchinson, Robert. Weapons of mass Destruction: The No-nonsense Guide to Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Weapons Today. Widenfield and nicholson, 2003.

Smart, Jeffery K., M.A. (1997). "History of Biological and Chemical Warfare". Textbook of Military Medicine: Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare. Retrieved Jan. 5, 2006 from Center for Diaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine (CDHAM).

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