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Martin Luther King

Overview


Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia and assinated April 4, 1968, on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

Biography


"I refuse to accept the cynical notion that nation after nation must spiral down a militaristic stairway into the hell of thermonuclear destruction. I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word in reality"

- Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, December 11, 1964
more information - http://nobelprize.org

"To meet hate with retaliatory hate would do nothing but intensify the existence of evil in the universe...We must meet the forces of hate with the power of love...Our aim must never be to defeat or humiliate...but to win...friendship and understanding. - - - Nonviolence "is not a strategy that one uses simply because it is expedient at the moment; nonviolence is ultimately a way of life..." It is "not a method for cowards; it does resist...We are out to defeat injustice." - - ML King Jr. "An Experiment of Love", From a Testimony of Hope (1986).

The time is always right to do what is right."
--Martin Luther King Jr.,
Nobel Peace Prize recipient and civil rights activist

"Now, the other myth that gets around a great deal in our nation and, I’m sure, in other nations of the world is the idea that you can’t solve the problems in the realm of human relations through legislation; you can’t solve the housing problem and the job problem and all of these other problems through legislation; you’ve got to change the heart."  for the 1964 MLK speech, go to https://www.democracynow.org/2017/1/16/newly_discovered_1964_mlk_speech_on

Dr. Martin L. King, Jr. in regards to the interconnected nature of humanity:

"Now whenever anything new comes into history it brings with it new challenges...and new opportunities...

"We are challenged to develop a world perspective. No individual can live alone, no nation can live alone, and anyone who feels that he can live alone is sleeping through a revolution. The world is which we live in geographically one. The challenge that we face today is to make it one in terms of brotherhood.

"Through our scientific and technological genius, we have made of this world a neighborhood and yet...we have not had the ethical commitment to make of it a brotherhood. But somehow, and in some way, we have got to do this. We must all learn to live together as brothers. Or we will all perish as fools. We are tied together in the single garment of destiny, caught in an inescapable network of mutuality. And whatever affects one directly affects all indirectly..."

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., (March 31, 1968). "Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution." (This excerpt is from Dr. King's final Sunday morning sermon.)

Significant events


  • 1954 - Brown vs. Board of Education: U.S. Supreme Court bans segregation in public schools.
  • 1956 - Montgomery buses desegregate
  • 1960 - sit-in protest movement at a Woolworth's in Greensboro, N.C.
  • 1964 - King awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1963 - Four girls killed Sept. 15 in bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala.
  • 1963 - Medgar Evers, NAACP leader, is murdered
  • 1965 - Malcolm X is murdered Feb. 21, 1965.
  • 1965 - President Johnson signs Voting Rights Act
  • 1968 - King is murdered in Memphis, Tenn.

Quotes


Martin Luther King on Science and Society-
"Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men."

Martin Luther King on Nonviolence -
"Nonviolence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our time: the need for humanity to overcome oppression and violence without resorting to oppression and violence. Humanity must evolve for all human conflict a method which rejects revenge, aggression, and retaliation. The foundation of such a method is love."


  • Seattle Times MLK Resources
  • The King Center - "Established in 1968 by Coretta Scott King, The King Center is the official, living memorial dedicated to the advancement of the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., leader of America's greatest nonviolent movement for justice, equality and peace."
  • National Civil Rights Museum - "The National Civil Rights Museum (NCRM) was opened in 1991 at the site of the Lorraine Motel in downtown Memphis, Tennessee. The Museum exists to assist the public in understanding the lessons of the Civil Rights Movement and its impact and influence on the human rights movement worldwide, through its collections, exhibitions, research and educational programs."
  • The Martin Luther King Jr. Paper's Project at Stanford University - "The King Papers Project is a research effort to assemble and disseminate historical information concerning Martin Luther King, Jr. and the social movements in which he participated. Initiated by the Atlanta-based King Center for Nonviolent Social Change, the Project became a cooperative venture of Stanford University, the King Center and the King Estate."
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