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Isopropyl Acetate

 

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Just the facts


Physical Information

Name:

Synonyms: Acetic acid, isopropyl ester, 2-acetoxypropane, 2-propyl acetate, acetic acid, 1-methylethyl ester, acetic acid, isopropyl ester, paracetat

Chemical Structure:

Chemical Formula: C 5 H 10 O 2

Use: industrial solvent

Source: synthetic chemistry

Recommended daily intake: none

Absorption: dermal, absorption, inhalation

Sensitive individuals: workers

Chemical Structure


 

Chemical Description


Isopropyl acetate is a clear colorless liquid at room temperature with a characteristic fruity odor (#INCHEM and #OSHA). It is slightly soluble in water and quite soluble in other Solvents - Chemical Profiles and External Links including ethyl alcohol, ether, and acetone (#OSHA).

It is highly flammable and highly reactive with oxidizing materials, strong acids, nitrates and alkali metals and may attack plastics as well (#OSHA, #MSDS, and (#INCHEM).

Uses


More than 1 million pounds of isopropyl acetate are used each year (#Scorecard). It is used in numerous industries including as a solvent for cellulose derivatives, plastics, oils, waxes, fats, coatings, printing inks, resins, gums, paints, shellac, and lacquers (#OSHA). It is also used in making perfume, as a flavoring agent and in Insecticides (#OSHA).

Health Effects


Exposure to isopropyl acetate occurs mostly from dermal absorption of the chemical or from inhaling toxic fumes produced by its burning. It is an irritant of the eyes and skin and inhalation may cause chest tightness, coughing and possibly a lessening of consciousness (#INCHEM and #OSHA).

Precautions


Make sure to wear protective clothing and operate in a well ventilated area when handling isopropyl acetate (#MSDS).

Regulation


OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit:
The current Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) permissible exposure limit (PEL) for isopropyl acetate is 250 ppm (950 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m(3))) as an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) concentration (#OSHA).


 

References



International Programme on Chemical Safety. "Isopropyl Acetate". March 1998. Accessed 9-6-07.


MSDS. "Safety Data for Isopropyl Acetate". Last updated on September 29, 2003. Accessed on 9-6-07.


Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). "OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH GUIDELINE FOR ISOPROPYL ACETATE". Accessed 9-6-07.

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