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Isobutyronitrile

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Physical Information

Name: Isobutyronitrile

Synonyms: 2-methylpropionitrile, isopropyl cyanide, 2-methyl-propanenitrile

Molecular Formula: C 4 H 7 N

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Chemical Structure


 

Chemical Description


Isobutyronitrile is a stable, flammable, colorless liquid at room temperature (#MSDS).

Uses


It is used as an organic solvent, in producing Insecticides, and as a gasoline additive (#EPA - Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention).

Health Effects


Information about Isobutyronitrile's health effects are not well known. It is not listed as a WHO, as acutely toxic by the EPA, nor is it thought to be a Cholinesterase Inhibitor (#PAN). It is considered to be a neurotoxicant and respiratory toxicant (#Scorecard).

External Links


References



EPA - Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention. "EPA Chemical Profile - Isobtyronitrile". November 30, 1987. Accessed 9-4-07.


Scorecard. " Chemical Profile for ISOBUTYRONITRILE". Accessed 9-4-07.


Occupational Safety and Health Administration. "Isobutyronitrile". Accessed 9-4-07.


Pesticide Action Network (PAN). "2,2'-azobis isobutyronitrile". Accessed 9-4-07.

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