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Hiroshima

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HIROSHIMA, JAPAN



On August 6, 1945 the first of 2 atomic bombs was dropped on Japan. The bomb Little Boy flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets was dropped from the Enola Gay killing an estimated 80,000 people directly and destroying 68% of the city's buildings. The effects of the bomb were felt for years after, as people became sick from radiation poisoning.

The public release of film footage of the city post attack, and some of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission research, about the human effects of the attack, was restricted during the occupation of Japan, and much of this information was censored until the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951, restoring control to the Japanese.

However, worldwide, only the most sensitive, and detailed weapons effects information was censored following the bombing. There was no censorship of accounts written by survivors ("Hibakusha"). For example, the book Hiroshima written by Pulitzer Prize winner John Hersey, was originally featured in article form and published in the popular magazine The New Yorker, on 31 August 1946. It is reported to have reached Tokyo, in English, at least by January 1947 and the translated version was released in Japan in 1949. Despite the fact that the article was planned to be published over four issues, "Hiroshima" made up the entire contents of one issue of the magazine. Hiroshima narrates the stories of six bomb survivors immediately prior to and for months after the dropping of the Little Boy bomb.

The oleander is the official flower of the city of Hiroshima because it was the first to bloom again after the explosion of the nuclear bomb in 1945.



Radiation
nuclear radiation

References




Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki - wikipedia

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