Fenitrothion

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Finitrothion is a contact organophosphate insecticide that has been used since 1959 to control insects on rice, cereals, fruits, vegetables, stored grains, cotton, in forests and for fly, mosquito, and cockroach control in public health programs (#INCHEM).

Contents

  1. #Chemical Description
  2. #Uses
  3. #Health Effects
  4. #Environmental Effects
  5. #Precautions
  6. #Regulation
  7. #External Links
  8. #References

     

     

    Just the facts


    Physical Information

    Name: Fenitrothion

    Synonyms: O,O-dimethyl O-4-nitro-m-tolyl phosphorothioate (IUPAC), O,O-dimethyl O-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl) phosphorothioate (CA), O,O-dimethyl O-(3-methyl-4-nitrophenyl) thiophosphate

    Use: insecticide

    Source: synthetic chemistry

    Recommended daily intake: none

    Absorption: dermal, inhalation, ingestion

    Sensitive individuals:

    Toxicity/symptoms:

    Regulatory facts:

    Environmental:

    Chemical Structure

    ----Structure retrieved from The Pied Piper - UK

Chemical Description


Fenitrothion is a yellow-brown liquid with an unpleasant odor at room temperature (#EXTOXNET).

Uses


Fenitrothion is an organophospahate insecticide that has been used since 1959 to control insects on rice, cereals, fruits, vegetables, stored grains, cotton, to control insects in forests and for fly, mosquito, and cockroach control in public health programs (#INCHEM). It is formulated as emulsifiable concentrates, ultra-low-volume concentrates, powders, granules, dusts, oil-based sprays, and in combination with other pesticides. Between 15 000 and 20 000 tons of fenitrothion are produced per year (#INCHEM).

Trade names for products containing fenitrothion from #EXTOXNET:

* Accothion
* Agrothion
* Bay 41831
* Cyfen
* Cytel
* Dicofen
* Fenstan
* Folithion
* Kaleit

* Mep
* Metathion
* Micromite
* Novathion
* Nuvanol
* Pestroy
* Sumanone
* Sumithion
* Verthion
*Methylnitrophos (common name used in Eastern Europe)

 

Health Effects


The health effects of finitrothion are consistent with those of other Organophosphates and are the result of cholinesterase inhibition.

Symptoms (#PAN)

* salivation
* sweating
* muscle twitching
* weakness
* tremor and incoordination
* headache
* dizziness

* nausea and vomiting
* abdominal cramps and diarrhea.
* tightness in chest
* wheezing, productive cough
* miosis
* seizures
* respiratory depression
* loss of consciousness

 

Environmental Effects


Fenitrothion is a slightly toxic to birds and aquatic organisms (#EXTOXNET).

Regulation


Fenitrothion is not listed as a hazardous air pollutant, a groundwater contaminant, or as a minimum risk pesticide (#PAN).


References



Extension Toxicology Network. Pesticide Information Profile - Fenitrothion. Accessed 6-20-07.


World Health Organization. International Programme on Chemical Safety - Fenitrothion. 1992. Accessed 6-20-07.


Pesticide Action Network. Fenitrothion. Accessed 6-20-07.

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