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Physical Information

Name: 1,3-Dichloropropane

Use: industrial solvent


Recommended daily intake: none

Absorption: dermal, ingestion, inhalation

Sensitive individuals: all

Toxicity/symptoms: eye/skin irritant, dizziness

Regulatory facts:

Boiling Point: 120 degrees Celsius

melting Point: -99 degrees Celsius




1,3-Dichloropropane is a highly flammable liquid at room temperature with a distinct odor (#INCHEM). It is an industrial solvent that can cause eye/skin irritation and dizziness (when inhaled)

Chemical Description

It is a liquid at room temperature. Its vapor is heavier than air and may travel along the ground. It decomposes as it heats, producing hydrogen chloride and Phosgene (#INCHEM).

Chemical Structure

Structure received from University of Minnesota


Pharmacology and Metabolism

It is absorbed dermally, through ingestion, and inhalation (#INCHEM).

Uses and Benefits

1,3-Dichloropropane is an industrial solvent used as an alkylating agent, ring-forming agent, and polymerization catalyst or promoter in the synthesis of organic chemicals and is found in some soil fumigants (#WHO, 2003).

Health Effects

It is a skin/eye irritant and can cause dizziness when inhaled (#INCHEM).


When exposed, one should remove and wash all affected clothes and rinse out eyes with water. When inhaled, one needs fresh air and rest to recuperate (#INCHEM).


International Programme on Chemical Safety. 1,3-Dichloropropane. Accessed 4-30-07.

World Health Organization. "1,3-Dichloropropane in Drinking Water". Originaly published in Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Health criteria and other supporting information. Geneva, 1996.

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