Pesticides

A Small Dose of Pesticides


  • An Introduction into the Health Effects of Pesticides


Pesticides Dossier


Insecticides

  • Name: Insecticides
  • Use: kill insects
  • Source: synthetic chemistry, plants
  • Recommended daily intake: none (not essential)
  • Absorption: intestine, respiratory system (lungs), skin
  • Sensitive individuals: fetus, children, and elderly
  • Toxicity/symptoms: nervous system, range of problems depending on chemical
  • Regulatory facts: RfDs exist for many insecticides. Regulated by EPA.
  • General facts: billions of pounds used every year in agriculture, golf courses, around the home, and by commercial real estate
  • Environmental: pesticides are used globally; some are very persistent in the environment
  • Recommendations: minimize use, avoid exposure to children, and consider alternatives including Integrated Pest Management practices

Herbicides

  • Name: Herbicides
  • Use: kill or damage plants
  • Source: synthetic chemistry, manufactured by industry
  • Recommended daily intake: none (not essential)
  • Absorption: intestine, respiratory system (lungs), skin
  • Sensitive individuals: fetus, children, and elderly
  • Toxicity/symptoms: varies
  • Regulatory facts: References Doses (RfDs) exist for some herbicides. Regulated by the EPA.
  • General facts: long history of use; often used in combination with genetically modified plants
  • Environmental: widespread global use and contamination
  • Recommendations: minimize use, avoid exposure to children, and consider alternatives including Integrated Pest Management practices


Pesticides Chapter


PowerPoint presentation


More Information and References


European, Asian, and international Agencies


North American Agencies


  • California Department of Pesticide Regulation. (accessed: 30 September 2008). The mission of this Department is "to protect human health and the environment by regulating pesticide sales and use, and by fostering reduced-risk pest management."

Non-Government Organizations


  • Pesticide Action Network International (PANI). (accessed: 30 September 2008). "PANI is a network of over 600 participating nongovernmental organizations, institutions and individuals in over 60 countries working to replace the use of hazardous pesticides with ecologically sound alternatives (English, French, Spanish)."
  • Pesticide Database site - by Pesticide Action Network North America (PAN). (accessed: 30 September 2008). "The PAN Pesticide Database brings together a diverse array of information on pesticides from many different sources, providing human toxicity (chronic and acute), ecotoxicity and regulatory information for about 6,400 pesticide active ingredients and their transformation products, as well as adjuvants and solvents used in pesticide products."
  • National Pesticide Telecommunications Network (NPTN). Call 1-800-858-7378. (accessed: 30 September 2008). NPTN is based at Oregon State University and is cooperatively sponsored by the University and EPA. NPTN serves as a source of objective, science-based pesticide information on a wide range of pesticide-related topics, such as recognition and management of pesticide poisonings, safety information, health and environmental effects, referrals for investigation of pesticide incidents and emergency treatment for both humans and animals, and cleanup and disposal procedures.
  • Beyond Pesticides. (accessed: 30 September 2008). "Beyond Pesticides is a national network committed to pesticide safety and the adoption of alternative pest management strategies which reduce or eliminate a dependency on toxic chemicals."
  • EXTOXNET InfoBase. (accessed: 30 September 2008). EXTOXNET provides a variety of information about pesticides, including - the Pesticide Information Profiles (PIPs) for specific information on pesticides and the Toxicology Information Briefs (TIBs) contain a discussion of certain concepts in toxicology and environmental chemistry.
  • Monsanto Company. (accessed: 30 September 2008). Site contains information on Monsanto company pesticides and agricultural products.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)


  • IPM Institute of North America, Inc. (accessed 30 September 2008). "An independent non-profit organization formed in 1998 to foster recognition and rewards in the marketplace for goods and service providers who practice Integrated Pest Management, or IPM."

References


  • Dean, S. R., & Meola, R. W. (2002). Effect of diet composition on weight gain, sperm transfer, and insemination in the cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). J Med Entomol, 39(2), 370-375.
  • Dryden, M. W., & Gaafar, S. M. (1991). Blood consumption by the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). J Med Entomol, 28(3), 394-400.
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